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Record details

BCC record ID:0037600000
Type of record:Building
Summary:Remains of twelfth to sixteenth century hospital of St John the Baptist.
Grid Reference:SU 87019 92834
Parish:

HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • HOSPITAL (Dissolved 1548 12th Century to 16th Century - 1180 AD? to 1548 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Ancient Monument
  • Listed Building
  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

FOUNDED C.1180; DISSOLVED 1548; REFOUNDED LATER. FOR MASTER, BROTHERS & SISTERS CARING FOR POOR (B11).
1344 PATRONAGE OF MAYOR & BURGESSES OF TOWN (B2).
SOME ROMAN MATERIAL INCORPORATED (B9).
REMAINS PROBABLY INFIRMARY HALL, AISLES BUILT C.1180. DETACHED WALL TO SE PART OF CHAPEL. STRUCTURALLY ALL RIGHT (B13).
In 1549 the mayor and burgesses of Wycombe had the hospital building and its land conveyed to them on payment of £30, for use as a grammar school [see CAS0037601000](B19).
Grade II. Ruins circa 1180-90 of St John's Hospital, dissolved 1553. Arcades on columns, probably part of the Refectory. Ashlar and rubble, no roof. Ancient Monument (scheduled but not in guardianship). Forms a group with Wycombe College of Technology and Art (B17).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: WILLIS BROWNE 1716 NOTITIA PARLIAMENTARIA 2.
<2>Bibliographic reference: LANGLEY T 1797 HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES OF THE HUNDRED OF DESBOROUGH P61.
<3>Bibliographic reference: LIPSCOMB 3 PP646-648.
<4>Bibliographic reference: PARKER J 1878 EARLY HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES OF WYCOMBE PP139-145.
<5>Article in serial: PARKER J 1885 ACCOUNT OF THE HOSPITAL OF S JOHN THE BAPTIST,WYCOMBE IN ARCHAEOLOGIA 48 PP285-292.
<6>Article in serial: DAVISON O 1907 NORMAN ARCHES OF HIGH WYCOMBE IN ANTIQUARY 43 PP339-341.
<7>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 1 PP307,394-395; 2 PP210-212; 3 PP113-11 5 & ILLUS OPP P134.
<8>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P197.
<9>Article in serial: RECS OF BUCKS 1957-1959 16 PP110,228.
<10>Bibliographic reference: ASHFORD L J 1960 HISTORY OF THE BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE FROM ITS ORIGIN TO 1880 PP71-72,103-107,317.
<11>Bibliographic reference: KNOWLES D & HADCOCK R N 1971 MEDIEVAL RELIGIOUS HO USES IN ENGLAND & WALES 2ND EDITION PP322,364.
<12>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD.
<13>Scheduling record: SCHEDULING LISTS OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUME NTS 1954/ENGLISH HERITAGE JAN 1993.
<14>Bibliographic reference: ASHFORD L J & HAWORTH C M 1962 HISTORY OF THE ROYA L GRAMMAR SCHOOL,HIGH WYCOMBE 1562-1962.
<15>Bibliographic reference: PIKE A R AUGUST 1992 (SEE NOTES ETC FILED).
<16>Bibliographic reference: CARSTAIRS P 1993 ARCHAEOLOGICAL WATCHING BRIEF AT ST JOHN'S HOSPITAL,HIGH WYCOMBE (COPY FILED).
<17>Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1973. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE.
<18>Unpublished document: Wycombe District Council. 2008. List of Buildings of Local Architectural or Historic Interest (locally-listed).
<19>Bibliographic reference: Ivan G Sparkes. 1990. High Wycombe: A Pictorial History. Caption to Plate 18
<20>Article in serial: G Eland. 1884. Hospital of St John the Baptist, Wycombe.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC13813: Site visit
  • EBC13831: Site visit by EH Field Monument Warden

Related monuments

Images

The remains of St John the Baptist Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe remains of St John the Baptist Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe remains of St John the Baptist Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe remains of St John the Baptist Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSt John's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRemains of St John's hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPossible layout plan of St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe, in the 13th century  © The Appleton GroupPlan of remaining structure of St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilReconstruction of St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe, in the 13th century  © The Appleton Group12th century window, similar to ones in St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe  © The Appleton GroupThirteenth and fourteenth century windows, similar to ones that would have been in the chapel of St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe.  © The Appleton GroupDrawing of the Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe, in 1878, view showing the hall and chapel of St John the Baptist's Hospital  © Whiteman & BessService trench put in next to St John the Baptist's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSt John's Hospital, High Wycombe, 1993  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilInterpretation panel for St John's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSt John's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilReconstruction of St John's Hospital, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilReconstruction of St John's Hospital, High Wycombe, next to its 13th century plan  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council