skip content
homepage
what's new
sitemap
search
frequently asked questions
help
complaints procedure
terms and conditions
feedback form
access key details


Record details

BCC record ID:1323100000
Type of record:Building
Summary:Eighteenth century mausoleum of the Dashwood family and friends
Grid Reference:SU 82792 94930
Parish:

HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • MAUSOLEUM (Built 1763-4 18th Century - 1700 AD to 1799 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Listed Building

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

GRADE I. 1763-4, DESIGNED BY JOHN BASTARD THE YOUNGER OF BLANDFORD. HEXAGONAL TALL FLINT RUBBLE WALL ASHLAR DRESSED WITH ENTABLATURE & PANELLED PARAPET SURMOUNTED BY STONE URNS GROUPED IN THREES AT ANGLES. EXTERIOR HAS ATTACHED STUCCO ROMAN DORIC COLUMNS UNDER ENTABLATURE WITH TRIGLYPHS, GUTTAE & URN RELIEFS TO FRIEZE, MODILLIONED CORNICE. INTERIOR, UNROOFED, HAS WALL MONUMENTS, 1 WITH FIGURE SCULPTURE EARLY C18, AND CENTRAL 1769 MONUMENT OF URN ON PEDESTAL UNDER ROMAN IONIC STONE CANOPY. ARCHES, BRICKS AND RECTANGULAR OPENINGS TO WALLS. WALL INSCRIPTIONS TO SIR FRANCIS DASHWOOD, LORD DISPENCER, AND FRIENDS. CHURCH OF SAINT LAWRENCE AND THE MAUSOLEUM FORM A GROUP (B1).
Background research and detailed earthwork survey carried out by English Heritage between April 2000 and June 2001 identified a pair of symmetrical scarps 0.3m high to either side of the main entrance, probably the remains of a formal staired approach to the building. A semi-circular platform 50m wide and 2.2m high seems to have been constructed for the building of the mausoeum; in the 1970s material dredged from West Wycombe lake was dumped here to consolidate the platform (B2-4).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1973. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE. p77
<2>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part 1: Site History and Introduction. 1. pp3,30,33,34,36 Fig 5,6,7,8,9,10,11
<3>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2001. West Wycombe Park Buckinghamshire - Part II: The Earthwork Surveys. 2. pp72,74,75,80,82-84 Fig 19, Plate 28,36-37
<4>Graphic material: English Heritage. 2000. West Wycombe Park: detailed plans of Pleasure Grounds, Wider Parkland and Church Hill. 1:2500. Fig 18

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC13570: Site visit
  • EBC16386: Detailed topographic survey and background research

Related monuments: none

Images

West Wycombe house, park and church  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDashwood Mausoleum, Church Hill, West Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDashwood Mausoleum, West Wycombe  © Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive