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Record details

BCC record ID:0662200000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Iron Age features, Saxon cemetery and site of medieval windmill found during evaluation and watching brief for Aston Clinton Bypass
Grid Reference:SP 9044 1135
Parish:

DRAYTON BEAUCHAMP, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • DITCH (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • CEMETERY (6th Century to 7th Century - 500 AD? to 699 AD?)
  • (Former) WINDMILL (13th Century to 14th Century - 1200 AD? to 1399 AD?)

Associated finds: none recorded

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?No

Full description

Area not fieldwalked prior to further evaluation because it was under pasture. Identified as a possible area of interest due to proximity of findspot of RB sherds during construction of a roundabout on A41 in 1973/4. Geophysical survey identifies susceptibility patterns in the topsoil and extremely weak gradiometer anomalies (B1).
Identified as Site D in Archaeological Assessment Report which recommends trial trenching (B2).
Evaluation by RPS (trenches 12-14) finds late IA activity in a heavily truncated ditch, originally identified as a slight geophysics anomaly. A complete pot and other sherds dated to pre-Roman 'Belgic' period found, also post hole and possible pit (both undated). No suggestion of settlement and no Roman period activity (B3).
Watching brief by RPS during topsoil stripping finds early Anglo-Saxon inhumation cemetery. 18 inhumation burials and 3 possible empty graves were excavated, most of which produced grave goods, including iron knives, a spearhead, toiletry equipment, a pottery vessel and jewelery, dating to about AD 600. Also found was the cross-trench for the base of a medieval windmill. 13th to 14th century pottery was found in the trench (B4).
See excavation report for details (B5).

Sources and further reading

<1>Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeotechnics. 1993. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass: Magnetic Susceptibility & Magnetometer survey.
<2>Unpublished document: BCMAS. 1994. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass Archaeological Assessment Stage 1 Report.
<3>Unpublished document: RPS Consultants. 2000. A41 Aston Clinton Bypass An Archaeological Evaluation.
<4>Unpublished document: Highways Agency. Undated. The Archaeology of the A41 Aston Clinton Bypass.
<5>Unpublished document: RPS Planning Transport and Environment. 2005. Archaeological Investigations for the A41 Aston Clinton Bypass: Analysis of Excavations at the Woodlands Roundabout, Lower Icknield Way and Tring Hill Sites Including Watching Brief Resul
<6>Bibliographic reference: Robert Masefield et al. 2008. Prehistoric and Later Settlement and Landscape from Chiltern Scarp to Aylesbury Vale: The Archaeology of the Aston Clinton Bypass.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC15869: Geophysical survey (Ref: 0161192/ACB/BCM)
  • EBC15870: Evaluation trial trenching
  • EBC16521: Watching brief

Related monuments: none

Images

Saxon child burial at Tring Hill roundabout, Aston Clinton bypass  © Highways AgencyHigh status Saxon female burial at Tring Hill roundabout, Aston Clinton bypass  © Highways AgencyAston Clinton Bypass  © Michael FarleyGeneral view of site 'B'  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSGeneral view of site 'B' showing Hollow Way  © RPSgeneral view of site 'B' showing Hollow Way  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSIron Age pit  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPSExcavation of burial in Saxon cemetery at Tring roundabout during construction of Aston Clinton bypass  © RPS