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Record details

BCC record ID:0086800000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Roman villa recorded in excavation in the early twentieth century
Grid Reference:SU 7836 8562
Parish:

HAMBLEDEN, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • VILLA (1st Century Roman to 4th Century - 43 AD to 399 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Ancient Monument
  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?No

Full description

VILLA SITE, MID C1 TO END C4. MAIN AREA OF HOUSE & OUTBUILDINGS ENCLOSED BY FLINT WALL. ?EARLIER INDUSTRIAL AREA TO N. DITCHED RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE TO E. OTHER BUILDINGS WEST OF VILLA (CASS 04557), & MILL END VILLA, ONLY 700M SE, MAY BE ASSOCIATED (CASS 00788). EXCAVATED BY A H COCKS, 1912 (B1-9).
SCHEDULED: SAM 27160 (B21).
Included in English Heritage's Heritage at Risk Register 2009. Condition described as 'Extensive significant problems ie under plough, collapse' with the principal vulnerability from arable ploughing and trend as declining (B23).

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RCHM (NMR). 1990. 1990 RCHM (NMR) Oblique AP. SU786854. Yes.
<1>Article in serial: Alfred Heneage Cocks. 1921. 'A ROMANO-BRITISH HOMESTEAD IN THE HAMBLEDEN VALLEY', IN ARCHAEOLOGIA 71 PP141-198. Vol 71.
<2>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P181.
<3>Article in serial: RECS OF BUCKS 10 1912-13 PP131,183.
<4>Article in serial: JOURNAL OF ROMAN STUDIES 11 1921 P215.
<5>Article in serial: 1925. BERKS, BUCKS & OXON ARCH. JNL 29 P81. Vol 29.
<6>Article in serial: Keith Branigan. 1968. 'ROMANO BRITISH RURAL SETTLEMENT IN THE WEST CHILTERNS', IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL JNL 124 P152. Vol 124.
<7>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD SU 78 NE 12 (FILED).
<8>Article in serial: Mike Farley (BCM). 1983. NOTE IN BRITANNIA 14 PP256-259. Vol 14.
<9>Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS & LOANS REGISTERS.
<10>Verbal communication: DR GRACE SIMPSON, OXFORD, TO M E FARLEY FEB 1979.
<11>Verbal communication: MR BOWDEN TO M E FARLEY APRIL 1979.
<12>Unpublished document: MR M R BIRD & M E FARLEY, SEPT 1979 (& SEE LIST OF FINDS & PHOTOS FILED).
<13>Unpublished document: County Museum Archaeological Group. CMAG CATALOGUE OF HAMBLEDEN IRONWORK.
<14>Graphic material: AP 1-9. PLOT AT 1:2500 BY DENISE ALLEN (NMR METHOD) (PLOT FILED).
<15>Bibliographic reference: T Gates. 1975. MIDDLE THAMES VALLEY: ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE RIVER GRAVELS P42 & MAP 21.
<16>Verbal communication: G E SCRIMGFOUR, FROM B14, JUNE 1988.
<17>Unpublished document: Arthur Keith. Undated. 'REPORT ON THE HUMAN REMAINS DISCOVERED...DURING EXCAVATIONS OF THE ROMAN SITE AT YEWDEN, HAMBLEDEN.
<18>Bibliographic reference: ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM & M E FARLEY, 1978.
<19>Unpublished document: DR C E KING, ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM, OXFORD, OCT 1983/BCM COIN CATALOGUE.
<20>Article in serial: D King. 1986. 'PETROLOGY, DATING & DISTRIBUTION OF QUERNS & MILLSTONES', IN UNIV LONDON INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY BULLETIN 23 PP65-126.
<21>Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1996. SCHEDULING LISTS OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUMENTS.
<22>Unpublished document: RCHM(E). 1995. The Thames Valley Project: a Report for the National Mapping Programme.
<23>Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South East. p30
<24>Unpublished document: Simon Mays. October 2008. Romans in the Hambleden Valley Project.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC1000:
  • EBC119: Aerial photography
  • EBC17236: Fieldwalking (Ref: HAM08)

Related monuments

Images

Yewden villa cropmarks  © RCHMYewden villa cropmarks  © RCHMYewden villa cropmarks  © RCHMYewden Roman villa and enclosures, Hambleden  © RCHMReconstruction of Yewden Roman villa  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilKeys from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSaws from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilQuern from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSickle from Yewden Villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilWhorls from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilGimlet from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilIron hinge from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilExcavation of Roman Villa at Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilExcavation of corn drier at Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRoman pins from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRoman brooches from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilBone pins from Yewden villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRoman Stylii from Yewden Villa, Hambleden  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilFinds from 1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 1st house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation -1st house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 1st house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - general view  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPlan of bath-house, (1912 excavation)  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilWorking shot - 1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 1st house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 1st house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 2nd house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilEgyptian scarab beetle, probably made of diorite, found during 1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 2nd house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 2nd house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - Well  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation - 2nd house  © Buckinghamshire County Council1912 excavation  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council