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Record details

BCC record ID:0001600000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Iron Age hillfort at Cholesbury Camp, surviving as earthworks.
Grid Reference:SP 93000 07200
Parish:

CHOLESBURY-CUM-ST. LEONARDS, Chiltern, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Ancient Monument
  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?Yes
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

Dimensions - Length 0265 m Width 0190
Plan Form - OVAL
SITE DEFENDED ON E BY TRIPLE RAMPART & DOUBLE DITCH & ON REMAINING SIDES BY DOUBLE RAMPART & SINGLE DITCH. RAMPARTS ARE C.13M WIDE & C.3M HIGH ON W TO C.3.8M HIGH ON SE. DITCHES 1-4M DEEP, 10-16M WIDE. SMALL TRIANGULAR OUTWORK PROJECTS FROM W. EXCAV: 01: 000 (B1-12).
SCHEDULED MONUMENT NO. 27161 (B10).
Trial excavation and watching brief at the village hall failed to find any trace of outer ditch to the south (B15). Watching brief during excavation of fence post holes - no significant archaeology disturbed (B16).
Geophysical surveys carried out in July 2000 in interior of hillfort indicated extensive activity, possibly concentrated in the western half of the site. In the western part of the site, one of the hearths (H2) excavated by Kimball was identified, along with 3 circular anomalies, possibly prehistoric roundhouses, several rectangular anomalies and a large square anomaly, which it is suggested represent remains of medieval settlement, possibly manorial. In the northeastern part of the site 2 further circular anomalies and 4 subrectangular anomalies, at least one of which seems to lie within an enclosure and appeared to be subdivided, were also identified as possible prehistoric roundhouses and traces of medieval settlement (B17-18).
Negative watching briefs (B19-21).
Evaluation trial trenching carried out by AS&C in August 2002 in advance of house extension found the inner edge of the hillfort ditch. The upper ditch fills (excavated to a depth of 1.2m only) contained 19th century building debris and residual finds of medieval pottery. See report for detail (B22).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: LIPSCOMB 3 PP314-315.
<2>Article in serial: ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL 14 1957 PP273-275 (PLAN).
<3>Bibliographic reference: ALLCROFT A HADRIAN 1908 EARTHWORK OF ENGLAND PP48, 134-135,153 (PLAN).
<4>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 PP106-107 (PLAN).
<5>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 2 PP22-24 (PLAN).
<6>Article in serial: D Kimball. 1933. 'CHOLESBURY CAMP', IN BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION JNL 39 PP187-212. Vol 39.
<7>Bibliographic reference: BCM ACCESSIONS REGISTER 1948-53, 1979 (RE-ACCESSIONED).
<8>Bibliographic reference: HEAD J F 1955 EARLY MAN IN SOUTH BUCKS PP72,75-76, 149.
<9>Bibliographic reference: OS RECORD CARD SP 90 NW 03 (PLAN).
<10>Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1997. SCHEDULING LIST OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUMENTS (REPORT, FILED) SAM (BUCKS) NO.1/SCHEDULING REV.
<11>Article in serial: James Dyer. 1976. 'A FUTURE FOR PREHISTORY IN THE CHILTERNS', IN CBA GROUP 9 NEWSLETTER 6 P7. No 6.
<12>Bibliographic reference: SAUNDERS C 1971 THE PRE-BELGIC IRON AGE IN THE CENTRAL AND WESTERN CHIL-TERNS IN ARCHAEOLOGICALJNL12.
<13>Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum. 1992. AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION AT MOAT HOUSE, CHOLESBURY.
<14>Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum Archaeological Service. 1997. A WATCHING BRIEF AT OVERBURNTS, CHOLESBURY HILLFORT.
<15>Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum Archaeological Service. 1997. Archaeological Recording at Cholesbury Village Hall, Cholesbury.
<16>Unpublished document: Michael Farley Archaeology. 1999. A Watching Brief at Cholesbury Hillfort, Bucks..
<17>Unpublished document: John Gover. 2001. A Geophysical Survey of Cholesbury Camp.
<18>Article in serial: Chess Valley Archaeological and Historical Society. 2002. Journal of the Chess Valley Archaeological and Historical Society 2002. pp8-10
<19>Unpublished document: Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. 2004. Enhanced Watching Brief: Moat House, Cholesbury.
<20>Unpublished document: Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. 2004. Watching Brief on Land to the Rear of Overburnts, Cholesbury.
<21>Unpublished document: Thames Valley Archaeological Services. 2007. Cholesbury New House, Parrots Lane, Cholesbury: An Archaeological Watching Brief.
<22>Unpublished document: Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. 2002. An Archaeological Evaluation at The Old Vicarage, Cholesbury.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC12265:
  • EBC12303: Excavation
  • EBC15954: Trial trench and watching brief
  • EBC15955: Watching brief
  • EBC16064: Geophysical survey
  • EBC16076: Evaluation trial trenching (Ref: OVC 02)
  • EBC16458: Watching brief (Ref: CMH 04)
  • EBC16523: Watching brief (Ref: COB)
  • EBC16797: Watching brief (Ref: PLC 06/135)

Related monuments

Images

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury Hillfort  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury Hillfort  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury Camp  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury Fort, garden 'Overburnt'  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury Fort, garden 'Overburnt'  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCholesbury hillfort  © Day KimballCholesbury hillfort  © Day Kimball

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council