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Record details

BCC record ID:0127000000
Type of record:Building
Summary:Sixteenth century postmill, ceased working in early twentieth century and restored to full-working order in the 1970s
Grid Reference:SP 94510 15677
Parish:

PITSTONE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • CORN MILL (16th Century - 1500 AD to 1599 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Constructed 1590s 16th Century to Modern - 1500 AD to 1999 AD) + Sci.Date
  • POST MILL (16th Century - 1500 AD to 1599 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Listed Building

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?Occasionally
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

Grade II+. Windmill. Dated 1627 and 1749, altered and much restored 1963. Post-mill on circular base of C19 whitewashed brick with shallow conical roof of metal sheets. 2 doors. Timber framed and weatherboarded chamber above has curved roof, double board doors with board hood on shaped brackets, and small board door to loft. Sail side of chamber has central post with moulded wooden bracket. 4 sails. Tail pole with wooden wheel, wide wooden step ladder. Internal machinery is intact but probably C19, restored. (Source: David Wray, Pitstone Windmill) (B10).
2ND OLDEST SURVIVING WINDMILL IN ENGLAND (B6).
DAMAGED 1902 & CEASED WORKING COMMERCIALLY. RESTORATION BEGUN 1963; BEGAN GRINDING CORN AGAIN 1970. FULL HISTORY, DESCRIPTION, PLANS &C (B7).
TIMBER OF WINDMILL DATED 1627, THE EARLIEST DATE CONNECTED WITH A WINDMILL IN THE COUNTY (B5). DERELICT BY 1932 (B4). (NB; B4 SAYS CEASED WORKING C.1894, B7 IN 1902).
SOME REPAIRS CARRIED OUT BY S H FREESE & G HAWKINS, C.1957-9 (B9).
Dendrochronolgy dates obtained by National Trust. Various dates in 1590s for body of mill, with later alterations made in late 17th [1670] and early 19th centuries [1824-1826]. Pitstone oldest firmly dated postmill in England (B12,B14).
Buildings report held at NMR (B15).

Sources and further reading

<1>Map: DUKE OF BRIDGEWATER'S ESTATE MAP (1762).
<2>Map: JEFFREYS T 1788 MAP OF BUCKS.
<3>Bibliographic reference: POSSE COMITATUS 1798 (MS AT BRO, REF L/P/15&16).
<4>Bibliographic reference: SMITH D 1932 ENGLISH WINDMILLS 2 P128-9.
<5>Bibliographic reference: PEVSNER N 1960 BUCKINGHAMSHIRE P179.
<6>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD SP91 NW 7.
<7>Bibliographic reference: WRAY D 1976 PITSTONE WINDMILL (COPY FILED).
<8>Unpublished document: INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY RECORD CARD NO 238402.
<9>Verbal communication: VENN J H 1986 (JULY).
<10>Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1984. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. p67
<11>Bibliographic reference: PAGE M (ED) (1996) PIPE ROLLS OF THE BISHOPRIC OF WINCHESTER 1301-1302, HANTS RECORD SOCIETY 14, IVI.
<12>Unpublished document: Gary Marshall (National Trust). 2004. Correspondence from Gary Marshall to Sandy Kidd.
<13>Bibliographic reference: Stanley Freese. 1957. Windmills and Millwrighting. Plate 21
<14>Digital archive: Vernacular Architecture Group. 2000 onwards. Vernacular Architecture Group: Dendrochronology Database. VA vol 35 p97
<15>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2006. NMR Buildings Reports. BF001950

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC13593: Site visit

Related monuments

Images

Pitstone windmill  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPitstone windmill  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPitstone windmill  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilAerial photograph of Pitstone windmill and moat  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPitstone windmill  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPitstone windmill  © Oxfordshire County Council Photographic Archive

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council