skip content
homepage
what's new
sitemap
search
frequently asked questions
help
complaints procedure
terms and conditions
feedback form
access key details


Record details

BCC record ID:0175100000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Site of the medieval Cistercian abbey of Medmenham, possibly with evidence for earlier occupation
Grid Reference:SU 80700 83800
Parish:

MEDMENHAM, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • ABBEY (13th Century to 16th Century - 1200 AD to 1599 AD)
  • CISTERCIAN MONASTERY (13th Century to 16th Century - 1200 AD to 1599 AD)
  • MONASTERY? (9th Century to 11th Century - 800 AD? to 1099 AD?)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?No

Full description

ABBEY FOUNDED 1204 ON LANDS GRANTED TO WOBURN ABBEY. FIRST FOUNDATION FAILED, BUT HOUSE BUILT & INHABITED BY 1213. AT DISSOLUTION ONLY THE ABBOT & 1 MONK REMAINED. DEDICATED TO ST MARY (B1-4). INCOMPLETE LIST OF ABBOTS 1256-1536 (B3). SUPPRESSED BEFORE 8/7/1536 (B5). NO ARCHITECTURAL REMAINS (B2,6).
Evidence from a series of watching briefs carried out by Mike Farley in 1999-2000 results in re-interpretation of abbey plan. Finds of pottery, burials and buildings pre-dating the 13th century, suggests use of the site for a pre-Cistercian phase of the monastic complex or possibly the presence of a mid to late Saxon Christian structure, built on an eyot in the Thames. See report for detail (B19).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 1 PP376-377.
<2>Bibliographic reference: LANGLEY T 1797 HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES OF THE HUNDRED OF DESBOROUGH PP340-344.
<3>Bibliographic reference: LIPSCOMB 3 PP614-615.
<4>Bibliographic reference: LOWNDES C 1874 MANOR & ABBEY OF MEDMENHAM, RECSOFBUCKS4PP57-64"".
<5>Bibliographic reference: KNOWLES D & HADCOCK R N 1971 MEDIEVAL RELIGIOUS HOUSES IN ENGLAND & WALE-S 2ND EDIT PP13, 122.
<6>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P255.
<7>Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1987. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST; BUCKS: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: PARISHES OF CHEPPING WYCOMBE &C.
<8>Bibliographic reference: WATERCOLOURS NOTED IN COLLECTIONS OF SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF LONDON, BURLINGTON HOUSE.
<9>Bibliographic reference: DOWNS R S 1906 OLD COINS, RECSOFBUCKS9P212"".
<10>Bibliographic reference: G E SCRIMGEOUR JULY 1988 FROM B7.
<11>Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E (BCM) SEPT 1991 FIELD VISIT.
<12>Unpublished document: 1992. FARLEY M E (BCM) AUG 1992 WATCHING BRIEF (SEE NOTES, FILED).
<13>Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E (BCM) JAN 1993 WATCHING BRIEF (SEE NOTES, FILED).
<14>Unpublished document: Buckinghamshire County Museum Archaeological Service. 1993. ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES AT MEDMENHAM ABBEY, BUCKS: A PRELIMINARY REPORT.
<15>Bibliographic reference: GADSDEN & TREHERNE, OSBORN & MERCER 1895 THE DANESFIELD ESTATE ON THE BANKS OT THE THAMES NEAR HEN.
<16>Bibliographic reference: Browne Willis. 1717. An History of the Mitred Parliametary Abbies. Vol 2. p29
<17>Bibliographic reference: Britton J & Brayley EW. The Beauties of England and Wales I. p376
<18>Unpublished document: Thames Valley Archaeological Services. 2004. Ferry Nab, Ferry Lane, Medmenham: An Archaeological Watching Brief.
<19>Unpublished document: Michael Farley. 2001. Medmenham Abbey, Medmenham: results from some archaeological watching briefs.
<20>Unpublished document: Nicky Smith (BCM). 1998. Smith N 1998 Historic Parks and Gardens Register Review.
<21>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2006. NMR Buildings Reports.

Associated excavations and fieldwork: none recorded

Related monuments

Images

Medmenham Abbey  © Oxfordshire County Council Photographic ArchiveMedmenham Abbey  © Oxfordshire County Council Photographic ArchiveBurial 105, from service trench  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilBurial 101, from service trench  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilBurial 106, from service trench  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilBurial 103, from service trench  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilService trench with Abbey House behind  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilBurial 107, from service trench  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilAbbey house viewed from the Thames  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRemains of an abbey pillar  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSite visit  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council