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Record details

BCC record ID:0188100000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Hangman's Hill, mound which may have been constructed as a motte, but in later centuries has been used a windmill site, gallows and cemetery
Grid Reference:SP 84220 30520
Parish:

NEWTON LONGVILLE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • MOUND (Medieval to Post-Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1798 AD?)
  • GALLOWS (17th Century to 18th Century - 1600 AD to 1799 AD)
  • CEMETERY (17th Century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
  • WINDMILL MOUND (14th Century to 15th Century - 1300 AD to 1499 AD)
  • MOTTE? (10th Century to 12th Century - 900 AD to 1199 AD)

Associated finds

  • SHERD (Medieval to 17th Century - 1066 AD to 1699 AD)

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?No

Full description

Length 32m, width 22m, height 1.3m.
Mound called Hangman's Hill. On old crossroads, one of highest points in parish, in field called Hangman's Piece. Mound appears to be a motte of early 12th century. Section put across mound which found ditch; primary ditch fill of 12th century, other 12th century - 14th century sherds from fill (B3).
Mound and ditch dug 12th century; occupation short-lived, in 13th century windmill built on summit? Mound has remains of splayed tail or ramp, SW side; suggestive of a mill mound. Windmill may have burnt down in 14th century. Trial-trenched 1962, excavated and bulldozed 1966. Burials found in 1962 originally thought to be medieval, but sherds observed in gravefill suggest a 17th century date. Perhaps these are the graves of criminals hanged here, & buried near the gallows? Area then abandoned and ditch silted up. Nothing to suggest was ever a motte; no trace of ditch (B4,B6).

Sources and further reading

<1>Map: Thomas Jefferys. 1770. [Map of] The County of Buckingham. Printed map. Linen. 1 inch:1 mile.
<2>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 4 P426 (CITING ADD MS 5839, PP285-6); SEE ALSO LIPSCOMB 4 P264.
<3>Bibliographic reference: 1967. WOLVERTON & DIST ARCH SOC NEWSLETTER 1967. 11. p10
<4>Bibliographic reference: GRIFFITHS R W & SOUTHERNWOOD J 1973 ARCHAEOLOGICAL NOTES FROM NEWTON LONGVILLE, 1964-72 IN RECSOF.
<5>Graphic material: Mike Farley and A R Pike. 1966. Excavation plans and drawing from Hangman's Hill, Newton Longville.
<6>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. 1974. OS RECORD CARD SP 83 SW 16 (SURVEY AT 1:2500).
<7>Bibliographic reference: D F Renn. 1968. NORMAN CASTLES IN BRITAIN. p257

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC10083: Excavation
  • EBC11688: Topographic earthwork survey
  • EBC1233: Trial trenching

Related monuments: none