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Record details

BCC record ID:0029200000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Roman villa and possible late Roman and Saxon cemetery site at Mantles Green Meadow
Grid Reference:SU 94800 97900
Parish:

AMERSHAM, Chiltern, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • VILLA? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CEMETERY? (4th Century to Early Medieval/Dark Age - 300 AD to 1065 AD)

Associated finds

  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COSMETIC PESTLE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected status

  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Unclassified

Full description

EXTENSIVE SITE IN FIELD BETWEEN BACK LANE & A413 W OF AMERSHAM, ALSO S SIDE OF A413 STRAY FINDS (:01), EVIDENCE OF CEMETERY (:02) LATE ROMAN/SAXON. PROBABLY ASSOCIATED WITH SHARDELOES VILLA, VILLA ITSELF NOT PRECISELY LOCATED. FOR OTHER EVIDENCE SEE CAS 1450. AREA EXCAVATED (:04) 1983-1984.
Buckinghamshire County Museum reports the finding of a crushed, grey-tempered storage jar (10in diameter) with impressed decoration on shoulder by Michael Gibbons during the Amersham By-Pass excavations - thought to have been found in this vicinity (24).
Finds made during the constructionof the Amersham By-Pass in 1985 include a fragment of a late Roman copper-alloy bracelet and a copper-alloy cosmetic mortar in the form of a horned bovid (25).
Evaluation by AS&C in April 2003 at West Lodge found only redeposited Romano-British building material (chalk blocks and brick/tile fragments) possibly disturbed during C19 or C20 building works (26).

Sources and further reading

<1>Unpublished document: CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN T L JONES (MIN OF WORKS) & BCM 1955-1956.
<2>Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS REGISTER (9.56, 25.57, 95.75)..
<3>Article in serial: Unknown. 1957. 'THE MUSEUM', IN RECS OF BUCKS 16 P118. Vol 16.
<4>Bibliographic reference: Viatores. 1964. ROMAN ROADS IN SE MIDLANDS P211.
<5>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey. OS RECORD CARD SU 99 NW 1 AND NW 4 (2 CARDS FOR SAME SITE).
<6>Article in serial: Keith Branigan. 1967. 'ROMANO BRITISH RURAL SETTLEMENT IN THE WESTERN CHILTERNS', IN ARCHAEOL J 124 P157. Vol 124.
<7>Unpublished document: LIST OF COINS FOUND 1955, IDENTIFIED AT ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM (FILED)..
<9>Verbal communication: PIKE L E, TO FARLEY M E MARCH 1974.
<10>Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS REGISTER, 1974.309.
<11>Unpublished document: D Charlesworth. 1974. LETTER IDENTIFYING GLASS FRAGMENTS, JUNE 1974.
<12>Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS REGISTER 1974.190.
<13>Unpublished document: A David. 1982. AMERSHAM BYPASS, ANCIENT MONUMENTS LAB REPORT, GEOPHYSICS G 11/82.
<14>Article in serial: Peter Yeoman. 1984. 'MANTLES GREEN AMERSHAM', IN SOUTH MIDLANDS ARCHAEOLOGY 14 PP11-13. Vol 14.
<15>Article in serial: S S Frere. 1984. 'ROMAN BRITAIN IN 1984', IN BRITANNIA 40 P302. Vol 40.
<16>Excavation archive: Buckinghamshire County Museum. 1983-4. EXCAVATION ARCHIVE, MANTLES GREEN MEADOW EXCAVATION 1983-1984.
<17>Article in serial: P A Yeoman and I J Stewart. 1992. 'A ROMANO-BRITISH VILLA ESTATE AT MANTLES GREEN, AMERSHAM', IN RECS OF BUCKS 34. Vol 34. pp107-182
<18>Unpublished document: CLARK T & FARLEY M E JAN 1985.
<19>Unpublished document: SMITHSON S (OXFORD IN-SERVICE STUDENT) FEB 1985 (SEE HIS REPORT FILED)..
<20>Verbal communication: BACKWAY R (SBMDC) & FARLEY M E OCTOBER 1988.
<21>Unpublished document: 1994. FRY M & FARLEY M E JANUARY 1994 (SEE CORRESPONDENCE FILED, & CATALOGUE).
<22>Article in serial: A S Esmonde Cleary (ed). 1994. 'ROMAN BRITAIN IN 1993', IN BRITANNIA 25 P276. Vol 25.
<23>Verbal communication: CLARK T NOV 1995 PERS COMM (NOTES & PHOTOGRAPHS, FILED).
<24>Unpublished document: Michael Gibbons and Mike Farley. 1990. Report of finding of crushed storage storage jar by Michael Gibbons in 1987-8.
<25>Unpublished document: Mike Farley and Roy Backway. 1987. Archive relating to the finding of a cosmetic grinder and part of a silver bracelet at Mantles Greem Farm.
<26>Unpublished document: Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. 2003. Archaeological Evaluation: West Lodge, Shardeloes Estate, Amersham.
<27>Unpublished document: Archaeological Services & Consultancy Ltd. 2001. Chilterns Chalk Streams Project: Chess & Misbourne Valleys - Archaeological Assessment.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC12292: (Ref: AMG 83-84)
  • EBC1320:
  • EBC13297:
  • EBC16415: Evaluation trial trenching (Ref: WLA03)

Related monuments

Images

Mantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilAerial photograph of Mantles Green, Amersham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilAerial photograph of Mantles Green, Amersham  © Buckinghamshire County Council3rd century stone building at Mantles Green Meadow  © Yeoman & Stewart4th century corn-drier at Mantles Green Farm  © Yeoman & StewartRoman brooch, ring, votive axe and lion's head fitting found on the Amersham bypass in 1986  © Michael FarleyLate Iron Age or Roman cosmetic grinder in the shape of an ox head  © Michael FarleyLate Iron Age or Roman cosmetic grinder in the shape of an ox head  © Michael FarleyMantles Green, Amersham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilIron smelting process used at Mantles Green Meadow, Amersham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green, phases 4 & 5  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSite recording at Mantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilRomano-British sites & finds in the Amersham area  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSlag from iron smelting at Mantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilSite photography at Mantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilIron finds from Mantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMantles Green Meadow in Amersham, site of Roman villa complex  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council