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Record details

BCC record ID:0060700000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Castle Hill once thought to be a medieval motte and bailey castle may be a post-medieval prospect mound from evidence found in excavation
Grid Reference:SU 8673 9323
Parish:

HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • (Former) MOTTE? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • (Former) MOTTE AND BAILEY? (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
  • (Former) CASTLE? (12th Century - 1100 AD? to 1199 AD?)
  • MOUND (Medieval to Post-Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1798 AD?)
  • PROSPECT MOUND? (Post-Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1798 AD?)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Ancient Monument
  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

Dimensions - Height 0009 m Radius 0020
Plan Form - CRESCENTIC
POSSIBLY PART OF EARTHWORK OF CLASS E TYPE (MOUNT WITH 1 OR MORE ATTACHED COURTS)(B3).
FORM SUGGESTS IT MAY HAVE BEEN PARTLY DESTROYED (B5).
SUGGESTION OF DITCH ON N & INDICATIONS OF BAILEY DITCH ON E. DERELICT SUMMERHOUSE ON SUMMIT (B6). CHARTER OF STEPHEN MAY REFER TO THIS SITE (B7).
Watching brief carried out by Mike Farley in ?May 1998 failed to identify any medieval material. The only finds were 18th century pottery, tile and clay pipe fragments (B15).
Watching briefs carried out between December 1994 and August 1996 by BCMAS during demolition and rebuilding works failed to find any evidence for a ditch surrounding the motte, although a number of other features were recorded. It is suggested that the mound originated from landscaping associated with the construction of Castle Hill House and has been misinterpreted as a motte (see discussion) (B16, B18).
Watching brief carried out by TVAS in May 2003 to the north of the mound failed to identify any associated features or finds (B17).
Watching brief by TVAS in July 2004 during replacement of steps onto the mound identified post-medieval finds (including 17th century pottery) and make-up layers (B20).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: SHEAHAN P917.
<2>Bibliographic reference: PARKER J 1878 EARLY HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES OF WYCOMBE PP4-5.
<3>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 2 P28.
<4>Bibliographic reference: DOWNS R S 1907 OLD COINS IN RECSOFBUCKS9P216"".
<5>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P197.
<6>Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1992. SCHEDULING LISTS OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUMENTS.
<7>Bibliographic reference: RENN D F 1973 NORMAN CASTLES IN BRITAIN 2ND EDITION P350.
<8>Bibliographic reference: CHATEAU GAILLARD 1969 3 P111.
<9>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARD.
<10>Bibliographic reference: SEE CORRESPONDENCE (FILED).
<11>Bibliographic reference: PIKE A R (BCM) FEB 1979.
<12>Unpublished document: WYATT-SPRATT N (WYCOMBE LOCAL HISTORY & CHAIR MUSEUM) & FARLEY M E (BCM) OCT 1990 FIELD VISIT (SKETC.
<13>Bibliographic reference: CARTER R 1998 CASTLE MOUND, HIGH WYCOMBE (A-LEVEL ARCHAEOLOGY PROJECT; COPY, FILED).
<14>Bibliographic reference: DoE. 1973. LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: WYCOMBE DISTRICT: BOROUGH OF HIGH WYCOMBE.
<15>Unpublished document: Michael Farley. 1998. A Watching Brief at Wycombe Museum, Priory Avenue, High Wycombe.
<16>Unpublished document: BCMAS. 1997. Castle Hill, High Wycombe: Archaeological Watching Briefs Undertaken During Rebuilding at Wycombe Chair Museum.
<17>Unpublished document: Thames Valley Archaeological Services. 2003. 22 The Haystacks, High Wycombe: An Archaeological Watching Brief.
<18>Unpublished document: Rebecca Roseff. 1995. Roseff R March 1995 Notes of watching brief.
<19>Graphic material: Undated and unattributed plan of motte at Castle Hill, High Wycombe.
<20>Unpublished document: Thames Valley Archaeological Services. 2004. High Wycombe Museum, Castle Mount, High Wycombe: an Archaeological Watching Brief.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC13815:
  • EBC13821:
  • EBC13831: Site visit by EH Field Monument Warden
  • EBC16376: Watching brief (Ref: HHW 03/42)
  • EBC16379: Watching brief
  • EBC16380: Watching brief
  • EBC16485: Watching brief (Ref: HWM 04/28)

Related monuments

Images

The motte/post-medieval garden feature at Wycombe museum  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe motte/post-medieval garden feature at Wycombe museum  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe motte/post-medieval garden feature at Wycombe museum  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPipe trench on Wycombe museum's driveway  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPipe trench on Wycombe museum's driveway  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe motte/post-medieval garden feature at Wycombe museum  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilThe motte/post-medieval garden feature at Wycombe museum  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council