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Record details

BCC record ID:1067002000
Type of record:Landscape
Summary:Nineteenth century landscaped park and formal gardens at Mentmore Towers, designed by Sir Joseph Paxton.
Grid Reference:SP 9048 1900
Parish:

MENTMORE, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

CHEDDINGTON, Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • FORMAL GARDEN (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • DRIVE (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • TREE AVENUE (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • AVIARY (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • HERBACEOUS BORDER (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • FOUNTAIN (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • ITALIAN GARDEN (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
  • PLEASURE GARDEN (19th Century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Planning Notification Area
  • Registered Park or Garden

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

GRADE II+.C19 FORMAL GARDENS & WOODLAND.MATURE WOODLAND ON N SIDE, FROM W ROUND TO SE.FORMAL TERRACE EXTENDS ROUND S,W & NW SIDES OF HOUSE WITH RAILINGS.GRASSED SLOPES TO LAWN. OVAL POOL WITHIN LAWN. PLANS OF 1872 & 1907 AT BRO SHOW PROPOSED FORMAL DESIGN WAS NEVER FULLY IMPLEMENTED [FURTHER DETAIL & MAP](B2).
Main Drive, drive to the Big Wood and the Horse Chestnut Avenue all laid out in 1853. Formal gardens around house finished 1856 and Sub-tropical Garden and Pleasure Grounds were laid out in 1864 and 1874 respectively. Italian and Fountain Gardens were carried out after the death of Baron Meyer de Rothschild in 1874, as well as the aviary and herbaceous garden. Features continued to be added until the First World War and 3900 acres of land was sold in 1944. Study of eastern courtyard assessed whether the claim of two statues there in the 19th century was valid. Several sources were consulted and no evidence found. Watching brief of geotechnical test-pits did not distinguish whether the land was terraced into or built up for construction of house and gardens (B3).
Evaluation in the grounds north of the house did not find any archaeological deposits, which were probably truncated by quarrying (B4).
Included in English Heritage's Heritage at Risk Register 2009. Condition described as 'Extensive significant problems' with high vulnerability but trend stable (B8).

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Michael Farley. 2001. 2001oblique AP by Mike Farley. SP90301970. Yes.
<1>Bibliographic reference: DOE 1984 LIST OF BUILDINGS OF SPECIAL ARCHITECTURAL OR HISTORIC INTEREST: BUCKS PP54;56-60;62.
<2>Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 1994. REGISTER OF PARKS & GARDENS OF SPECIAL HISTORIC INTEREST IN ENGLAND: PART 4: BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. 4.
<3>Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeology. 2007. Eastern Courtyard, Mentmore Towers: Desk-based assessment. p 5
<4>Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeology. 2007. Stable Block Area: Mentmore Towers.
<8>Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South East.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC16861: Evaluation at Mentmore Towers stable block (Ref: BUMENT 06)

Related monuments

Images

Mentmore Towers and outbuildings and St Mary's church  © Michael FarleyMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMentmore Towers gardens and parkland  © Buckinghamshire County Council