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Record details

BCC record ID:0951400000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Mesolithic occupation site discovered in evaluation and excavation at the former Sanderson factory site, Denham
Grid Reference:TQ 05355 84832
Parish:

DENHAM, South Bucks, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • OCCUPATION SITE (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC) + Sci.Date
  • LITHIC WORKING SITE (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • HEARTH (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • (Former) STREAM (Upper Palaeolithic to Early Mesolithic - 40000 BC to 7001 BC)

Associated finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Large quantity) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • AWL (2) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • AXE TRIMMING FLAKE (3) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • AXEHEAD (1) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • BLADE (Large quantity) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • BURIN (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • BURNT FLINT (Large quantity) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • CORE (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • CORE DEBITAGE (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • DEBITAGE (Large quantity) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • FLAKE (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • FLAKE (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • FLAKE (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • FLAKE (Large quantity) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • HAMMERSTONE (3) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • MICROLITH (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • PLANT MICRO REMAINS (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (>10) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (3) (Early Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 7001 BC)

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?No
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?No

Full description

Evaluation trenches dug in 2002 uncovered a deep sequence of organic peat deposits and fluvial sediments. The sequence represented the former courses of ancient channels, which flowed through the area during the Late Glacial to Early Holocene period (c. 10,000 to 7,000 BP). These were very important for giving the environmental background to the nationally important Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic site at Three Ways Wharf in Uxbridge. The evidence showed that as the ice sheets began to retreat a deciduous forest grew on the banks fo the River Colne by about 9,000 BP. Red deer, roe deer and wild pig replaced the tundra animals of reindeer and horse.
A watching brief and excavation followed in 2004. This was along a proposed flood relief channel. It uncovered an area 15 x 10m, containing several flint scatters. Over 3000 flints were recorded three dimensionally and associated with wild pig and red deer. The remains were situate around an area of dense burnt gravel representing a possible hearth. The flint assemblage contained burins, scrapers, serrates, microliths, cores and waste flakes. The majority of the assemblage consists of waste flakes and cores, suggesting on-site manufacture. The burins, scrapers and serrates also point to carcass and hide processing as well as bone and antler working. The scatters may represent more than one phase of activity. Charred hazelnut fragments associated with the scatters was C14 dated to 9200 BP, the Early Mesolithic period. A collection of larger flakes suggests that an earlier Upper Palaeolithic flint knapping technology may exist within the assemblage (B2).

Sources and further reading

<1>Unpublished document: Museum of London. 2002. The Former Sanderson Site, Oxford Road, Denham - An archaeological evaluation report August 2002.
<2>Unpublished document: MOLAS. 2006. The former Sanderson Site, Oxford Road, Denham: An archaeological post-excavation assessment and updated project design.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC16313: Evaluation of the former Sanderson Factory Site, Denham (Ref: BM-SSU 02)
  • EBC16780: Excavation at the former Sanderson Site, Denham (Ref: BM-SSU02)

Related monuments: none

Images

Mesolithic camp under excavation in Denham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMesolithic camp under excavation in Denham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMesolithic camp under excavation in Denham  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilMesolithic camp under excavation in Denham  © Buckinghamshire County Council