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Record details

BCC record ID:0001800000
Type of record:Monument
Summary:Medieval ringwork known as Desborough Castle surviving as earthworks and known from historic records
Grid Reference:SU 8471 9331
Parish:

HIGH WYCOMBE, Wycombe, Buckinghamshire

Monument type(s)

  • RINGWORK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SIEGE CASTLE? (12th Century - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)

Associated finds: none recorded

Protected status

  • Ancient Monument
  • Planning Notification Area

Public access information

Is the site accessible to the public?Yes
Is the site visible from a public viewpoint?Yes

Full description

Dimensions - Length 0017 m Width 0086
Plan Form - OVAL
FINE & WELL PRESERVED EXAMPLE. DEFENCES CONSIST OF SINGLE RAMPART & DITCH WITH BREAK IN MIDDLE OF SE SIDE (B5).
CASTLE AT WEST WYCOMBE MENTIONED 1210-11 (WINCHESTER PIPE ROLL) IS PROBABLY DESBOROUGH (B9). BUILDING REMAINS (B1,B5).
SUGGESTED AS A SIEGE CASTLE OF ANARCHY DATE; IT SEEMS OCCUPATION CEASES EARLY C13 (B17).
Reference to 'The Castle' in 1321 manorial records (B20).

Sources and further reading

<1>Bibliographic reference: LANGLEY T 1797 HISTORY & ANTIQUITIES OF THE HUNDRE D OF DESBOROUGH PP2-8.
<2>Article in serial: R S Downs. 1883. 'DESBOROUGH CASTLE', IN RECS OF BUCKS 5. Vol 5. pp248-260
<3>Bibliographic reference: A Hadrian Allcroft. 1908. EARTHWORK OF ENGLAND. pp168, 442, 635
<4>Bibliographic reference: VCH BUCKS 2 P24; 3 PP33,135. pp33, 135
<5>Bibliographic reference: RCHM BUCKS 1 P318. p318
<6>Bibliographic reference: J F Head. 1955. EARLY MAN IN SOUTH BUCKS. pp76, 168-9, Fig 6 (B)
<7>Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Field Investigator. OS RECORD CARDS (FILED).
<8>Article in serial: C Saunders. 1971. 'THE PRE BELGIC IRON AGE IN THE CENTRAL & WESTERN CHILTERNS', IN ARCH J 128. Vol 128. p26
<9>Bibliographic reference: D F Renn. 1973. NORMAN CASTLES IN BRITAIN (3RD EDITION). p350
<10>Bibliographic reference: TAYLOR MR ROBERT T,1973.
<11>Bibliographic reference: FARLEY M E, JAN 1973 FIELD VISIT.
<12>Scheduling record: English Heritage. 2002. SCHEDULING LISTS OF INSPECTORATE OF ANCIENT MONUMENTS.
<13>Verbal communication: WATTS MR R TO M E FARLEY 22 MAY 1979.
<14>Unpublished document: BCM ACCESSIONS REGISTERS.
<15>Unpublished document: 1974. GREEN MR HERBERT TO C N GOWING OCT 1974 (SEE CORRESPONDENCE ETC..
<16>Bibliographic reference: HBMC AUG 1986.
<17>Article in serial: Mark Collard. 1988. 'EXCAVATIONS AT DESBOROUGH CASTLE, HIGH WYCOMBE, 1987', IN RECS OF BUCKS 30 PP15-41 (& SEE SOUTH MIDLANDS ARCHAEOLOGY 18 PP28-29). Vol 30.
<18>Verbal communication: COLLARD M JAN 1989 (& SEE SITE ARCHIVE ETC FILED).
<19>Verbal communication: PATERSON H (DOE FIELD MONUMENTS WARDEN) SEPT 1991 (PHOTO FILED).
<20>Bibliographic reference: A Short History with Description of the Parish of West Wycombe. p18
<21>Article in serial: Michael Farley. 2009. 'How large was the Iron Age 'hillfort' at Desborough Castle, West Wycombe?', in Recs of Bucks 49 pp235-238. Vol 49.

Associated excavations and fieldwork

  • EBC1081: Trial trenching (Ref: WDC 87)
  • EBC13950:
  • EBC17408: Watching brief (Ref: WDC 87)

Related monuments

Images

Desborough Castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle burnt tree root, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough Castle, High Wycombe  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPot in trench E  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilTrench D, looking west  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilPot in trench E  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilWorking shot - excavating pot in trench E  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCastle centre  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCastle ditch, west side  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilTrench B - differnce in trowelling  © Buckinghamshire County Counciltrench A after topsoil removal  © Buckinghamshire County Counciltrench D - golf ball!  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesboruogh Castle from the north  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilYough archaeologists  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilCastle lynchet, looking west  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilGeneral shot of trench D  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilScrub clearance, Desborough castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDesborough castle  © Buckinghamshire County CouncilDitch, west side of Desborough castle  © Buckinghamshire County Council

Reports

No image caption available  © Buckinghamshire County Council

No image caption available © Buckinghamshire County Council