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One of the simplest of artefacts, consisting of a narrow shaft with a point at one end and usually some form of decorative head at the other. most commonly its function was to secure garments (in this way it was ancestral to the fibula), more rarely the hair. metal and bone are the usual materials for manufacture of pins. Their archaeological importance resides largely in their decorative head, a highly variable, non-functional, and so culturally significant feature. A Roman pin was found in a field off Lower Green Lane, Chearsley and a possibly Viking tenth to eleventh century pin was found at Skirmett in Hambleden.